Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) is the humane and effective method to manage stray and feral cats. Backed by science, TNR stops the breeding cycle of cats and therefore improves their lives while preventing reproduction. In some cases, less feral kittens and cats socialized by people may be adopted into homes.
The population stabilizes and decreases naturally and humanely over time. Tame cats and young kittens 6-8 weeks old can be removed and adopted into human homes, further reducing the population and ending the cycle of removing kittens from their mothers.
Health improves for the cats as the stress of mating and pregnancy are eliminated. Fighting and roaming are decreased in males, further reducing the incidence of injury, e.g., being hit by a car or from fighting, and spreading transmissible diseases like FIV and FeLV. Females are not suffering from having 2-3 litters of kittens each year.
Behaviors that make it difficult to co-exist with humans, like yowling, spraying, and fighting, are reduced or eliminated.
A declining population of cats and responsible management of colonies reduces any impact of their presence on the environment.
Cats are vaccinated against rabies and FVRCP, reducing their chances of getting and spreading these diseases to other cats and eliminating the threat of rabies infection to the people they encounter.